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Shared routes

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Learn how to define shared routes or use arrays to use the same route multiple times with different layouts using Expo Router.

To match the same URL with different layouts, use groups with overlapping child routes. This pattern is very common in native apps. For example, in the X app, a profile can be viewed in every tab (such as home, search, and profile). However, there is only one URL that is required to access this route.

In the example below, app/_layout.tsx is the tab bar and each route has its own header. The app/(profile)/[user].tsx route is shared between each tab.


When reloading the page, the first alphabetical match is rendered.

Shared routes can be navigated directly by including the group name in the route. For example, /(search)/baconbrix navigates to /baconbrix in the "search" layout.


Array syntax is an advanced concept that is unique to native app development.

Instead of defining the same route multiple times with different layouts, use the array syntax (,) to duplicate the children of a group. For example, app/(home,search)/[user].tsx — creates app/(home)/[user].tsx and app/(search)/[user].tsx in memory.

To distinguish between the two routes use a layout's segment prop:

export default function DynamicLayout({ segment }) {
  if (segment === '(search)') {
    return <SearchStack />;

  return <Stack />;