ArchiveExpo SnackDiscord and ForumsNewsletter

Wrap third-party native libraries

Edit this page

Learn how to create a simple wrapper around two separate native libraries using Expo Modules.

Expo modules make it possible to easily use native, external libraries built for Android and iOS in React Native projects. This tutorial focuses on utilizing the Expo Modules API to create radial charts using two similar libraries accessible on both native platforms.

  • MPAndroidChart by PhilJay
  • Charts by Daniel Cohen Gindi

The iOS library is inspired by the Android library, so they both have a very similar API and functionality. This makes them a good example for this tutorial.


Create a new module

You can start by creating a new empty Expo module. We're creating a separate project for this tutorial. However, you can create a new module inside your existing project.

Start with a new project

To create an empty Expo module that can be published on npm and utilized in any Expo application, run the following command:

npx create-expo-module expo-radial-chart

Tip: If you aren't going to ship this library, press return for all of the prompts to accept the default values in the terminal window.

Now, open the newly created expo-radial-chart directory to start editing the native code.

Start with an existing project

Alternatively, you can use the new module as a view inside the existing project. Run the following command in your project's directory:

npx create-expo-module --local expo-radial-chart

Now, open the newly created modules/expo-radial-chart directory to start editing the native code.


Run the example project

To verify that everything is functioning correctly, let's run the example project. In the terminal window, start the TypeScript compiler to watch for changes and rebuild the module JavaScript.

# Run this in the root of the project to start the TypeScript compiler
npm run build

In another terminal window, compile and run the example app:

cd example
# Run the example app on iOS
npx expo run:ios
# Run the example app on Android
npx expo run:android


Add native dependencies

Now, add the native dependencies to the module by editing the android/build.gradle and ios/ExpoRadialChart.podspec files:

dependencies {
  implementation project(':expo-modules-core')
  implementation "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-stdlib-jdk7:${getKotlinVersion()}"
+ implementation 'com.github.PhilJay:MPAndroidChart:v3.1.0'
    s.static_framework = true

    s.dependency 'ExpoModulesCore'
+   s.dependency 'DGCharts', '~> 5.1.0'

    # Swift/Objective-C compatibility
Are you trying to use an .xcframework or .framework dependency?

On iOS, you can also use dependencies bundled as a framework by using the vendored_framework config option.

    s.static_framework = true
    s.dependency 'ExpoModulesCore'
+   s.vendored_frameworks = 'Frameworks/MyFramework.framework'
    # Swift/Objective-C compatibility
Are you trying to use a .aar dependency?

Inside the android directory, create another directory called libs and place the .aar file inside it. Then, add the folder as a repository:

  repositories {
+   flatDir {
+       dirs 'libs'
+   }

Finally, add the dependency to the dependencies list. Instead of the filename, use the package path, which includes the @aar at the end:

dependencies {
  implementation project(':expo-modules-core')
  implementation "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-stdlib-jdk7:${getKotlinVersion()}"
+ implementation 'com.github.PhilJay:MPAndroidChart:v3.1.0@aar'


Define an API

To use the module in the app without mistakes, define the types for the props. This module accepts a list of series — each with a color and a percentage value.

import { ViewStyle } from 'react-native/types';

export type ChangeEventPayload = {
  value: string;

type Series = {
  color: string;
  percentage: number;

export type ExpoRadialChartViewProps = {
  style?: ViewStyle;
  data: Series[];

Since we won't implement the module on the web in this example, let's replace the src/ExpoRadialChartView.web.tsx file:

import * as React from 'react';

export default function ExpoRadialChartView() {
  return <div>Not implemented</div>;


Implement the module on Android

Now you can implement the native functionality by editing the placeholder files with the following changes:

  • Create a PieChart instance and set its layoutParams to match the parent view. Then, add it to the view hierarchy using the addView function.
  • Define a setChartData function that accepts a list of Series objects. You can iterate over the list, create a PieEntry for each series and store the colors in a separate list. Then, create a PieDataSet, use it to create a PieData object, and set it as data on the PieChart instance.
package expo.modules.radialchart

import android.content.Context
import android.graphics.Color
import androidx.annotation.ColorInt
import com.github.mikephil.charting.charts.PieChart
import com.github.mikephil.charting.data.PieData
import com.github.mikephil.charting.data.PieDataSet
import com.github.mikephil.charting.data.PieEntry
import expo.modules.kotlin.AppContext
import expo.modules.kotlin.records.Field
import expo.modules.kotlin.records.Record
import expo.modules.kotlin.views.ExpoView

class Series : Record {
  val color: String = "#ff0000"

  val percentage: Float = 0.0f

class ExpoRadialChartView(context: Context, appContext: AppContext) : ExpoView(context, appContext) {
  internal val chartView = PieChart(context).also {
    it.layoutParams = LayoutParams(LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT)

  fun setChartData(data: ArrayList<Series>) {
    val entries: ArrayList<PieEntry> = ArrayList()
    val colors: ArrayList<Int> = ArrayList()
    for (series in data) {
    val dataSet = PieDataSet(entries, "DataSet");
    dataSet.colors = colors;
    val pieData = PieData(dataSet);
    chartView.data = pieData;


You also need to use the Prop function to define the data prop and call the native setChartData function when the prop changes:

package expo.modules.radialchart

import expo.modules.kotlin.modules.Module
import expo.modules.kotlin.modules.ModuleDefinition

class ExpoRadialChartModule : Module() {
  override fun definition() = ModuleDefinition {

    View(ExpoRadialChartView::class) {
      Prop("data") { view: ExpoRadialChartView, prop: ArrayList<Series> ->


Implement the module on iOS

Now you can implement the native functionality by editing the placeholder files with the following changes:

  • Create a new PieChartView instance and use the addSubview function to add it to the view hierarchy.
  • Set the clipsToBounds property and override the layoutSubviews function to make sure the chart view is always the same size as the parent view.
  • Finally, create a setChartData function that accepts a list of series, creates a PieChartDataSet instance with the data, and assigns it to the data property of the PieChartView instance.
import ExpoModulesCore
import DGCharts

struct Series: Record {
  var color: UIColor = UIColor.black

  var percentage: Double = 0

class ExpoRadialChartView: ExpoView {
  let chartView = PieChartView()

  required init(appContext: AppContext? = nil) {
    super.init(appContext: appContext)
    clipsToBounds = true

  override func layoutSubviews() {
    chartView.frame = bounds

  func setChartData(data: [Series]) {
    let set1 = PieChartDataSet(entries: data.map({ (series: Series) -> PieChartDataEntry in
      return PieChartDataEntry(value: series.percentage)
    set1.colors = data.map({ (series: Series) -> UIColor in
      return series.color
    let chartData: PieChartData = [set1]
    chartView.data = chartData

You also need to use the Prop function to define the data prop and call the native setChartData function when the prop changes:

import ExpoModulesCore

public class ExpoRadialChartModule: Module {
  public func definition() -> ModuleDefinition {

    View(ExpoRadialChartView.self) {
      Prop("data") { (view: ExpoRadialChartView, prop: [Series]) in
        view.setChartData(data: prop)


Write an example app to use the module

You can update the app inside the example directory to test the module. Use the ExpoRadialChartView component to render a pie chart with three slices:

import { ExpoRadialChartView } from 'expo-radial-chart';
import { StyleSheet } from 'react-native';

export default function App() {
  return (
          color: '#ff0000',
          percentage: 0.5,
          color: '#00ff00',
          percentage: 0.2,
          color: '#0000ff',
          percentage: 0.3,

const styles = StyleSheet.create({
  container: {
    flex: 1,

Tip: If you created the module inside an existing application, make sure to import it directly from your modules directory by using a relative import: import { ExpoRadialChartView } from '../modules/expo-radial-chart';


Rebuild and launch your application

To make sure your app builds successfully on both platforms, rerun the build commands from step 2. After the app is successfully built on any of the platform you'll see a pie chart with three slices:

Next step

Congratulations! You have created your first simple wrapper around two separate third-party native libraries using Expo Modules. Learn more about the API in the Expo Module API reference.